Barbara Ina Frenz, born in 1961 in Zurich/Switzerland
, lives and works in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.  She studied history, philosophy, and art history in Frankfurt am Main, 1982-89 (Master of Arts degree), and gained her PhD in 1996 with a study on equality in the Middle Ages (book published in 2000).  As a historian, Frenz was research associate at the Universities of Frankfurt am Main and Würzburg, 1989-99, including work on the interdisciplinary nationwide DFG research project “Genesis of the Public Penal Law in Premodern Europe” (book published in 2003).  Her historical studies were publicly sponsored by Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Gerda-Henkel-Stiftung, and Mittelalterliches Kriminalmuseum Rothenburg o.d.T.  Subjects:  European Middle Ages, urban life, political and social ideas, conflict settlement, rules/law, language usage, social emancipation, biography, Jazz music (from the ‘50s until today) and the life journeys of Jazz musicians.  Since 2001, Frenz has worked in the creative areas of advertising (copy and concept) and as a writer of poetry, studies in history and culture, and occasional contributions to music magazines and catalogues of contemporary art.